Provided below are Descriptions of Patents for CEDAR RIDGE RESEARCH INNOVATIONS:

Correlated Magnetics Technology patents

There are over 130 U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's and subsequently CMR's correlated magnetics technology.  The following six patents provide the earliest pioneer disclosures for the technology.

 

7,800,471 “Field Emission System and Method” to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: Pioneer patent for correlated magnetics technology discloses field emission systems including first and second magnetic structures each having an array of field emission sources having positions and polarities relating to a spatial force function corresponding to the relative alignment of the two structures. The spatial force function is in accordance with a code defining a peak spatial force corresponding to alignment of the two structures and a plurality of off peak forces corresponding to different misalignments of the two structures, where the peak spatial force is at least twice the largest off peak force.

7,868,721 “Field Emission System and Method” to Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts, and James L. Richards: A magnetic field emission structure including an array of magnetic field emission sources each having positions and polarities relating to a spatial force function and at least one current source associated with at least one of the array of magnetic sources that generates an electric current to change the spatial force function.

8,115,581 “Techniques for Producing an Electric Pulse” to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts:  An apparatus including a field emission source having polarities and positions in accordance with a code and a connected coils adapted to move proximate to the field emission source and having positions and being connected in accordance with the code, where an electrical pulse is created when the field emission source is aligned with the coils, and where the coils are arranged in an in phase-quadrature coil arrangement to produce a control system for controlling movement or to achieve alignment of the field emission source or the coils.

8,179,219 “Field Emission System and Method” to Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts, and James L. Richards: A system for producing a magnetic structure includes a magnetizable material and a magnetizer for generating a magnetic field by applying a current to an inductor coil having a wide metal conductor configured to produce multiple turns around a hole, where the inductor coil exposes a location on the magnetizable material positioned adjacent to the hole of the inductor coil to magnetic field to create a magnetic field source having either a North up polarity or a South up polarity.

7,982,568 “Multilevel Correlated Magnetic System and Method for Using Same” to Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts, Dillon Mize, Kelly Loum, and David P. Machado: A multilevel correlated magnetic system includes first and second magnetic structures each having first and second portions that when aligned produce first and second force curves having two different field extinction rates. The first and second force curves combine to produce a composite force curve that transitions from an attract force to a repel force at a transition separation distance between the two structures. The system can be coded to produce a near field attract force and a far field repel force or a near field repel force and a far field attract force. 

8,760,250 “System and Method for Energy Generation” to Larry W. Fullerton, Mark D. Roberts, and James L. Richards: A method of forming a structure that includes multiple magnetic sources magnetically printed on a first side of the structure in an alternating polarity arrangement that produce one or more magnetic fields, and providing at least one conductive coil that interacts with at least one or the one or more magnetic fields, and constructing an apparatus that enables the structure and the at least one conductive coil to move relative to each other such that the at least one conductive coil is able to interact at least with the one of the one or more magnetic fields based on the relative movement of the coil and structure.

 

FREE-FLOATING GRAPHENE PRODUCTION Technology patents

There are four U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's free-floating graphene production technology.  

 

8,721,843 “Method for Producing Graphene in a Magnetic Field” to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: A method of generating graphene by producing ionized carbon atoms in a carbon atom cloud and providing the carbon atom cloud to a graphene seed floating over a magnetic field in a graphene generation chamber causing a free-floating graphene film to grow over the magnetic field.

9,212,063 “System for Producing Graphene in a Magnetic Field” to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: A system for producing graphene includes a plasma generator, a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure, and a graphene seed source.  The plasma generator produces a carbon atom cloud made up of ionized carbon atoms that is provided to the graphene generation chamber that is provided a graphene seed by a graphene seed source. The carbon atoms cause a free-floating graphene film to grow over a magnetic field produced by the magnetic structure.

9,334,168 “System for Producing Graphene in a Magnetic Field” to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: A system for producing graphene includes a plasma generator, a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure that includes a two-dimensional array of alternating polarity sources that produce a magnetic field having a gradient sufficient to float graphene over the magnetic structure, and a graphene seed source. The plasma generator produces a carbon atom cloud made up of ionized carbon atoms that is provided to the graphene generation chamber that is provided a graphene seed by a graphene seed source. The carbon atoms cause a free-floating graphene film to grow over the magnetic field.

9,556,034 "System for Producing Graphene in a Magnetic Field" to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: A system for generating graphene involves a liquid reaction chamber configured to receive a working liquid source, a carbon atom source, and a catalyst to cause a chemical reaction in the reaction chamber and a resulting reactant liquid comprising ring structures having starved carbon atoms. The ring structures are provided to a graphene generation chamber having a magnetic structure that includes a two-dimensional array of alternating polarity magnetic sources that produce a magnetic field having a gradient sufficient to float graphene over the magnetic structure. The graphene generation chamber generates graphene from said ring structures over the magnetic structure such that the graphene floats over the magnetic structure due to said graphene being diamagnetic. The rate at which the ring structures are produced is controlled to control the rate of graphene generation. The magnetic field of the magnetic structure can be controlled to control the rate at which the generated graphene moves through the graphene generation chamber until it exits as a recovered graphene product.

LONG DISTANCE MODULATING REFLECTOR TAG Technology patents

There are three U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's long distance modulating reflector tag technology. 

 

7,479,884 "System and Method for Monitoring Objects, People, Animals or Places" to Larry W. Fullerton: Monitoring a person, animal, object or place using a modulating reflector tag including an antenna structure having at least one characteristic modified in accordance with a pattern intend to convey information, the antenna employing retro reflector effects that increase interrogation range and cause a return signal to return directly back to an interrogator regardless of where the interrogator is located relative to the modulating reflector tag, where the return signal is demodulated to determine the information.

8,395,484 "System and Method for Monitoring Objects, People, Animals or Places" to Larry W. Fullerton: A tag consisting of a dipole antenna; a retro reflector that returns a return signal to an interrogator independent of the angle between the interrogator and the retro reflector, the return signal being modulated in accordance with a pattern that conveys information; and a dielectric material coupled to the dipole antenna and the retro reflector.

8,730,014 "System and Method for Monitoring Objects, People, Animals or Places" to Larry W. Fullerton: Using a modulating reflector tag having an antenna structure having at least one characteristic modified in accordance with a pattern intended to convey information; a retro reflector; and a dielectric material, where the retro reflector is embedded in the dielectric material.

Multi-card devices technology patents

There are seven U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's multi-card devices technology.

 

8,141,780 "System and Method for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: System for conveying data consisting of: a light conduit having first and second openings at opposite ends and a side opening, where a first light can enter the side opening, reflect off the light conduit and exit the first opening; and a detector for detecting a second light exiting the second opening.

8,622,300 "System and Method for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: Method for conveying data card information includes associating at least one of a bar code reader or magnetic stripe detector with a device and associating at least one of a bar code emulator or a magnetic stripe emulator with the device, obtaining and storing data from multiple cards corresponding to multiple entities, using the bar code reader or magnetic stripe detector to identify an entity and using the bar code emulator or magnetic stripe emulator to convey data card information corresponding to the identified entity.

8,944,328 "System for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: A phone having a memory for storing data including bar codes of multiple cards of multiple entities, bar code reader capabilities for identifying an entity of the multiple entities and for reading a bar code of entity provided at a point-of-sale of the entity, a processor for selecting a data card corresponding to the entity, and a display for displaying a data card bar code of the selected data card.

9,154,602 "System for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: A phone configured to read a bar code of a data card of an entity, a memory for storing information including bar codes of multiple cards of multiple entities, a graphical user interface for identifying an entity using a swipe motion, a processor for selecting a data card corresponding to the identified entity, and a display for displaying information corresponding to the selected data card. 

9,311,419 "System for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: A watch configured to read a bar code of a data card of an entity, a memory for storing information including bar codes of multiple cards of multiple entities, a graphical user interface for identifying an entity using a swipe motion and a displayed icon, a processor for selecting a data card corresponding to the identified entity, and a display for displaying information corresponding to the selected data card.

9,679,233  "System for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: A portable electronic device having a memory for storing information including bar codes of multiple cards of multiple entities, a first interface configured to receive a RF transmission that identifies an entity of the multiple entities, a second interface including a graphical user interface for selecting a data card of the entity using a swipe motion and a displayed icon, a processor for retrieving information corresponding to the selected data card, and a third interface including a display for displaying information corresponding to the selected data card.

9,886,657  "System for Data Card Emulation" to Lance P. Lawson, Marla Miller, Larry W. Fullerton, and Mark D. Roberts: A portable electronic device that can emulate any one of multiple data cards corresponding to multiple entities. The portable electronic device includes a memory for storing bar code information corresponding to data cards of the multiple entities. It provides a touch screen for identifying an entity and displaying a bar code corresponding to a data card of the entity.

on demand hydrogen generation technology patents

There are three U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's on demand hydrogen generation technology.

 

8,529,867 "Aluminum-alkali Hydrogen Recyclable Hydrogen Generator" to Larry W. Fullerton: A method for generating hydrogen for a consuming apparatus by combining a ratio of aluminum, hydroxide, and water in a reaction chamber to produce a chemical reaction that outputs hydrogen, heat, and a waste solution of expended amounts of the aluminum, hydroxide, and water that are output to a waste reservoir; and controlling an additional amount of at least one of the aluminum, hydroxide, or water provided to the reaction chamber and the output of the waste solution to maintain the ratio and control generation of the hydrogen in accordance with a demand for the hydrogen by the consuming apparatus. 

9,061,261 "Aluminum-alkali Hydrogen Recyclable Hydrogen Generator" to Larry W. Fullerton: A hydrogen generator consisting of sources of hydrogen, alkali metal hydroxide, and water; a reaction chamber configured to combined the hydrogen, alkali metal hydroxide and water to cause a reactant-limited chemical reaction in the reaction chamber the outputs hydrogen, heat, and a waste solution; a waste reservoir for receiving the waste solution, at least one pump for pumping one of water or a solution of water and alkali metal hydroxide into the reaction chamber via a first inlet and for pumping the waste solution out of the reaction chamber via first outlet; and a control system for controlling the amount of the water or the solution of water and alkali metal hydroxide pumped into the reaction chamber to control the amount of hydrogen generated in accordance with a demand for the hydrogen by a consuming apparatus.

9,469,532 "Aluminum-alkali Hydrogen Recyclable Hydrogen Generator" to Larry W. Fullerton: A hydrogen generator consisting of sources of hydrogen, alkali metal hydroxide, and water; at least one pump; a reaction chamber having at least one inlet and at least one outlet separate from the at least one inlet and being configured to receive aluminum, alkali metal hydroxide, and water via the at least one inlet where the aluminum is received separate from the water and where the pump is configured to provide a liquid to the at least one inlet, the liquid being one of water or a solution of the water and the alkali metal hydroxide. The reaction chamber is configured to combine the aluminum, alkali metal hydroxide, and water so as to cause a chemical reaction in the reaction chamber that outputs hydrogen, heat, and a waste solution, where the reaction chamber if configured to output the hydrogen and the waste solution via the at least one outlet; and a waste reservoir configured to receive the waste solution via a first outlet of the at least one outlet as the waste solution is being output by the chemical reaction, where the at least one pump is configure to pump the waste solution out of the reaction chamber via the first outlet; and a control system configured to control the flow rate of the liquid pumped in the reaction chamber in accordance with a demand for the hydrogen by a consuming apparatus.

Parametric Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy Technology Patents

There are five U.S. patents that have issued for CRR's and subsequently PNQR's parametric nuclear quadrupole resonance spectroscopy technology.

 

7,170,288 "Parametric Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy System and Method" to Larry W. Fullerton: Identifying a material by exciting the material with an excitation signal adjusted to a nuclear quadrupole resonance of the material; determining a change in a property of the material, and identifying the material based on the change in the property, where the property is a dielectric constant or a magnetic permeability.

7,411,392 "Parametric Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy System and Method" to Larry W. Fullerton: A system for probing a specimen to detect a material includes a first transmitter that transmits a first signal that excites the specimen at a nuclear quadrupole resonant frequency of the material to cause a change in a property of the material; a second transmitter that transmits a second signal toward the specimen and produces a third signal that is modulated by the change in the property of the material; a receiver that receives the third signal; and a processor for detecting the modulation.

7,696,750 "Parametric Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Spectroscopy System and Method" to Larry W. Fullerton: A system for identifying a material includes a transmitter for transmitting excitation signal at a nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency of the material, a radar for observing a change in radar reflectivity resulting from the excitation signal; and a processor for identifying the material based on the change in radar reflectivity.

8,744,809 "System and Method for Sensing a Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance" to Larry W. Fullerton: A system for sensing includes a first signal source for producing an excitation signal for exciting a specimen having a nuclear quadrupole resonance; a signal sampling device for sampling a response signal that produces sample; a data storage device for storing the sample, and a processor for time coherently processing the samples to sense the material, where the processor controls the first signal and the signal sampling device to control the exciting of the specimen and the sampling of the response signal.

8,952,699 "Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance System and Method for Interfacing with a Subject Material" to Larry W. Fullerton and Mark D. Roberts: A system for interfacing with a subject material includes an interface material having target atoms with a known nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency that is purposely associated with a subject material enabling at least one of detection of the material, determining a location of the material, tracking the material, or conveying information; a nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency source that outputs an excitation signal having a first frequency that causes a nuclear quadrupole resonance of the target atoms; a probe source that provides a probe signal having a second frequency that provide a probe energy; a receiving device for receiving a received signal having been reflected by the material or a probe signal energy having been stored and reemitted by the material; a signal sampling device for sampling the received signal; and a processor for controlling the nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency source and the signal processing device and for processing detection data used for at least one of detecting the material, determining a location of the material, tracking the material, or conveying information, where 1) the probe source is a light source and the receiving device is a light detector and the processor detects sideband corresponding to a Doppler shift of plus or minus the second frequency or 2) the excitation signal causes the target atoms to produce an AC electric field having the nuclear quadrupole resonance frequency or 3) the interface material includes F-centers.